The Zenobia, Larnaka’s artificial reef for marine biodiversity

Posted on 2010/08/09 by

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Larnaka artificial reef the Zenovia ship before sinking

Zenovia – from ship to artificial reef courtesy of Buddy Divers Ltd.

The documented story behind the shipwreck and what has become the best contribution from modern world shipping to the creation of artificial barrier reef in Cyprus where local biodiversity grows and grows as a spectacle of nature’s adaptation for years to come and for the enjoyment of divers and holiday makers alike

Read the full account from the ships last moments with all the technical details, here below we add an excerpt of the complete report about the Zenovia (Zenobia)  Shipreck of the shores of Larnaka.

Stability control was neglected, when trying to straighten up the Zenobia

The Swedish Commission of Inquiry found that during the attempts to put Zenobia in an upright position, stability control was neglected.

Quite a few strange reasons contributed collectively to the loss of the ro-ro passenger ship Zenobia outside the coast of Larnaka, Cyprus on the 7th of June 1980. In the report from the Swedish Commission of Inquiry, one can find a detailed description of the actual circumstances behind the tragic loss, thenceforth a, to all appearances, harmless demonstration of the autopilot during one calm night on the Mediterranean Sea, until the dramatic end when the ship went to the bottom, while a pilot boat was borrowing a “cutting machinery” (skäraggregat) to cut the anchor chain, in order to tow the ship into the shallows. When the pilot boat finally returned, only pieces of wreckage was found floating in the water.

The Commission of Inquiry believes that the filling of the ballast, in order to “straighten” the ship up, from its 40° list, in the roadstead of Larnaka, was done during needless haste and that certain negligence during that work led to the instability of the ship.

The filling didn’t start with the bottom tanks, which should have been the natural course of action, and it was done without the continuous recount of the stability of the Zenobia. Measures to control and to remove the free water surface that was found in various spaces on board, was not taken parallel with the attempts to straighten up the ship. Finally, no one took into consideration that the reliability of the cross-over valves between the wing tanks would be put to the test.

The fact that the portside pilot door was opened and tied was the decisive blow. If it would have been closed, the ship would have found a new state of equilibrium after the last lurch, and the attempts to put Zenobia in an upright position could have been resumed.The fact that the portside pilot door was opened and tied was the decisive blow. If it would have been closed, the ship would have found a new state of equilibrium after the last lurch, and the attempts to put Zenobia in an upright position could have been resumed.

Zenobia ship

Read the full story of the Zenovia Shipwreck The  details from the Zenobia shipwreck in Larnaka


See also about the Artificial reef in Larnaka with underwater photography:

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Posted in: Environment